Установка Tor и Polipo на интернет-шлюз и их настройка на анонимизацию клиентов в локальной сети

Херня какая-то. Может просто недописал или копировал с гугл-хостинга спустя рукава. Надо переписать.
Автор: Евгений Нифантьев
Дата: начало 2011?
Статус: не завершено
ОС: Debian 6.0 x64
Приложение: Tor 0.2.1.30, polipo 1.0.4.1

Установка Tor и Polipo

https://www.torproject.org/docs/debian.html.en#ubuntu
Добавим строку в /etc/apt/sources.list:
deb http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org squeeze main
Then add the gpg key used to sign the packages by running the following commands at your command prompt:
# gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv 886DDD89
# gpg --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | apt-key add -
Устанавливаем:
# apt-get update
# apt-get install tor polipo

Настройка iptables

Надо открыть на сервере вход на 8123 и 9100 для локальных машин.
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -s 192.168.99.0/24 -p tcp -m tcp -m multiport --dports 8123,9100 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -o eth0 -d 192.168.99.0/24 -p tcp -m tcp -m multiport --sports 8123,9100 -j ACCEPT -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED
Надо открыть выход с сервера на другие tor-серверы:

Настройка Tor и Polipo

/etc/tor/torrc:

## Configuration file for a typical Tor user
## Last updated 12 April 2009 for Tor 0.2.1.14-rc.
## (May or may not work for much older or much newer versions of Tor.)
##
## Lines that begin with "## " try to explain what's going on. Lines
## that begin with just "#" are disabled commands: you can enable them
## by removing the "#" symbol.
##
## See 'man tor', or https://www.torproject.org/tor-manual.html,
## for more options you can use in this file.
##
## Tor will look for this file in various places based on your platform:
## https://wiki.torproject.org/noreply/TheOnionRouter/TorFAQ#torrc

## Replace this with "SocksPort 0" if you plan to run Tor only as a
## relay, and not make any local application connections yourself.
SocksPort 9050 # what port to open for local application connections
SocksListenAddress 127.0.0.1 # accept connections only from localhost
 SocksListenAddress 192.168.99.1:9100 # listen on this IP:port also

## Entry policies to allow/deny SOCKS requests based on IP address.
## First entry that matches wins. If no SocksPolicy is set, we accept
## all (and only) requests from SocksListenAddress.
#SocksPolicy accept 192.168.0.0/16
#SocksPolicy reject *

## Logs go to stdout at level "notice" unless redirected by something
## else, like one of the below lines. You can have as many Log lines as
## you want.
##
## We advise using "notice" in most cases, since anything more verbose
## may provide sensitive information to an attacker who obtains the logs.
##
## Send all messages of level 'notice' or higher to /var/log/tor/notices.log
#Log notice file /var/log/tor/notices.log
## Send every possible message to /var/log/tor/debug.log
#Log debug file /var/log/tor/debug.log
## Use the system log instead of Tor's logfiles
#Log notice syslog
## To send all messages to stderr:
#Log debug stderr

## Uncomment this to start the process in the background... or use
## --runasdaemon 1 on the command line. This is ignored on Windows;
## see the FAQ entry if you want Tor to run as an NT service.
#RunAsDaemon 1

## The directory for keeping all the keys/etc. By default, we store
## things in $HOME/.tor on Unix, and in Application Data\tor on Windows.
#DataDirectory /var/lib/tor

## The port on which Tor will listen for local connections from Tor
## controller applications, as documented in control-spec.txt.
#ControlPort 9051
## If you enable the controlport, be sure to enable one of these
## authentication methods, to prevent attackers from accessing it.
#HashedControlPassword 16:872860B76453A77D60CA2BB8C1A7042072093276A3D701AD684053EC4C
#CookieAuthentication 1

############### This section is just for location-hidden services ###

## Once you have configured a hidden service, you can look at the
## contents of the file ".../hidden_service/hostname" for the address
## to tell people.
##
## HiddenServicePort x y:z says to redirect requests on port x to the
## address y:z.

#HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/
#HiddenServicePort 80 127.0.0.1:80

#HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/other_hidden_service/
#HiddenServicePort 80 127.0.0.1:80
#HiddenServicePort 22 127.0.0.1:22

################ This section is just for relays #####################
#
## See https://www.torproject.org/docs/tor-doc-relay for details.

## Required: what port to advertise for incoming Tor connections.
#ORPort 9001
## If you want to listen on a port other than the one advertised
## in ORPort (e.g. to advertise 443 but bind to 9090), uncomment the
## line below too. You'll need to do ipchains or other port forwarding
## yourself to make this work.
#ORListenAddress 0.0.0.0:9090

## A handle for your relay, so people don't have to refer to it by key.
#Nickname ididnteditheconfig

## The IP address or full DNS name for your relay. Leave commented out
## and Tor will guess.
#Address noname.example.com

## Define these to limit how much relayed traffic you will allow. Your
## own traffic is still unthrottled. Note that RelayBandwidthRate must
## be at least 20 KBytes.
#RelayBandwidthRate 100 KBytes  # Throttle traffic to 100KB/s (800Kbps)
#RelayBandwidthBurst 200 KBytes # But allow bursts up to 200KB/s (1600Kbps)

## Contact info to be published in the directory, so we can contact you
## if your relay is misconfigured or something else goes wrong. Google
## indexes this, so spammers might also collect it.
#ContactInfo Random Person <nobody AT example dot com>
## You might also include your PGP or GPG fingerprint if you have one:
#ContactInfo 1234D/FFFFFFFF Random Person <nobody AT example dot com>

## Uncomment this to mirror directory information for others. Please do
## if you have enough bandwidth.
#DirPort 9030 # what port to advertise for directory connections
## If you want to listen on a port other than the one advertised
## in DirPort (e.g. to advertise 80 but bind to 9091), uncomment the line
## below too. You'll need to do ipchains or other port forwarding yourself
## to make this work.
#DirListenAddress 0.0.0.0:9091
## Uncomment to return an arbitrary blob of html on your DirPort. Now you
## can explain what Tor is if anybody wonders why your IP address is
## contacting them. See contrib/tor-exit-notice.html for a sample.
#DirPortFrontPage /etc/tor/exit-notice.html

## Uncomment this if you run more than one Tor relay, and add the identity
## key fingerprint of each Tor relay you control, even if they're on
## different networks. You declare it here so Tor clients can avoid
## using more than one of your relays in a single circuit. See
## https://wiki.torproject.org/noreply/TheOnionRouter/TorFAQ#MultipleServers
#MyFamily $keyid,$keyid,...

## A comma-separated list of exit policies. They're considered first
## to last, and the first match wins. If you want to _replace_
## the default exit policy, end this with either a reject *:* or an
## accept *:*. Otherwise, you're _augmenting_ (prepending to) the
## default exit policy. Leave commented to just use the default, which is
## described in the man page or at
## https://www.torproject.org/documentation.html
##
## Look at https://www.torproject.org/faq-abuse.html#TypicalAbuses
## for issues you might encounter if you use the default exit policy.
##
## If certain IPs and ports are blocked externally, e.g. by your firewall,
## you should update your exit policy to reflect this -- otherwise Tor
## users will be told that those destinations are down.
##
#ExitPolicy accept *:6660-6667,reject *:* # allow irc ports but no more
#ExitPolicy accept *:119 # accept nntp as well as default exit policy
#ExitPolicy reject *:* # no exits allowed
#
## Bridge relays (or "bridges") are Tor relays that aren't listed in the
## main directory. Since there is no complete public list of them, even if an
## ISP is filtering connections to all the known Tor relays, they probably
## won't be able to block all the bridges. Also, websites won't treat you
## differently because they won't know you're running Tor. If you can
## be a real relay, please do; but if not, be a bridge!
#BridgeRelay 1
#ExitPolicy reject *:*

/etc/polipo/config:

# Sample configuration file for Polipo. -*-sh-*-

# You should not need to edit this configuration file; all configuration
# variables have reasonable defaults.

# This file only contains some of the configuration variables; see the
# list given by ``polipo -v'' and the manual for more.

### Basic configuration
### *******************

# Uncomment one of these if you want to allow remote clients to
# connect:
# proxyAddress = "::0"        # both IPv4 and IPv6
 proxyAddress = "0.0.0.0"    # IPv4 only

# If you are enabling 'proxyAddress' above, then you want to enable the
# 'allowedClients' variable to the address of your network, e.g.
 allowedClients = 127.0.0.1, 192.168.99.0/24
# allowedClients = 127.0.0.1              

# Uncomment this if you want your Polipo to identify itself by
# something else than the host name:
# proxyName = "polipo.example.org"

# Uncomment this if there's only one user using this instance of Polipo:
# cacheIsShared = false

# Uncomment this if you want to use a parent proxy:
# parentProxy = "squid.example.org:3128"

# Uncomment this if you want to use a parent SOCKS proxy:
 socksParentProxy = "localhost:9050"
 socksProxyType = socks5

### Memory
### ******

# Uncomment this if you want Polipo to use a ridiculously small amount
# of memory (a hundred C-64 worth or so):
# chunkHighMark = 819200
# objectHighMark = 128

# Uncomment this if you've got plenty of memory:

# chunkHighMark = 50331648
# objectHighMark = 16384

### On-disk data
### ************

# Uncomment this if you want to disable the on-disk cache:
 diskCacheRoot = ""

# Uncomment this if you want to put the on-disk cache in a
# non-standard location:
# diskCacheRoot = "~/.polipo-cache/"

# Uncomment this if you want to disable the local web server:
# localDocumentRoot = ""

# Uncomment this if you want to enable the pages under /polipo/index?
# and /polipo/servers?.  This is a serious privacy leak if your proxy
# is shared.
# disableIndexing = false
# disableServersList = false

### Domain Name System
### ******************

# Uncomment this if you want to contact IPv4 hosts only (and make DNS
# queries somewhat faster):
 dnsQueryIPv6 = no

# Uncomment this if you want Polipo to prefer IPv4 to IPv6 for
# double-stack hosts:
# dnsQueryIPv6 = reluctantly

# Uncomment this to disable Polipo's DNS resolver and use the system's
# default resolver instead.  If you do that, Polipo will freeze during
# every DNS query:
 dnsUseGethostbyname = yes

### HTTP
### ****
# Uncomment this if you want to enable detection of proxy loops.
# This will cause your hostname (or whatever you put into proxyName
# above) to be included in every request:
# disableVia=false

# Uncomment this if you want to slightly reduce the amount of
# information that you leak about yourself:
# censoredHeaders = from, accept-language
# censorReferer = maybe

# Uncomment this if you're paranoid.  This will break a lot of sites,
# though:
# censoredHeaders = set-cookie, cookie, cookie2, from, accept-language
# censorReferer = true

# Uncomment this if you want to use Poor Man's Multiplexing; increase
# the sizes if you're on a fast line.  They should each amount to a few
# seconds' worth of transfer; if pmmSize is small, you'll want
# pmmFirstSize to be larger.

# Note that PMM is somewhat unreliable.
# pmmFirstSize = 16384
# pmmSize = 8192

# Uncomment this if your user-agent does something reasonable with
# Warning headers (most don't):
# relaxTransparency = maybe

# Uncomment this if you never want to revalidate instances for which
# data is available (this is not a good idea):
# relaxTransparency = yes

# Uncomment this if you have no network:
# proxyOffline = yes

# Uncomment this if you want to avoid revalidating instances with a
# Vary header (this is not a good idea):
# mindlesslyCacheVary = true

Настройка Firefox на использование Tor и Polipo

В Firefox устанавливаем обычным способом дополнение torbutton. В настройках этого дополнения ставим